Stomatitis - vspalitelnoe disease of the oral mucosa.Pathogens are microorganisms, viruses, yeast-like fungi.In some cases, oral mucositis occurs under the influence of poisoning when exposed medicines against other diseases.What matters is decreased immunity: germs, constantly living in the oral cavity, are beginning to show its pathogenic properties.
Predispose to disease anatomical and physiological features of the mouth: dry mucous membranes, and the abundance of blood vessels in children.
Depending on the degree of oral mucosal lesions distinguish catarrhal, ulcerative and necrotic stomatitis.
Catarrhal stomatitis characterized by redness and swelling of the oral mucosa.On the mucous found teeth imprints.There may be bleeding gums.
Ulcerative Stomatitis more common in teenagers and older children with carious teeth.The disease often begins with a fever.There swelling and bleeding gums, salivation, putrid breath.Oral mucosa hyperemic, covered with dirty-gray patina, small ulcers are formed
acute herpetic stomatitis is one of the clinical manifestations of local herpes infection.It occurs mainly in children from 6 months to 3 years.Suddenly, the body temperature rises to high numbers.Develop intoxication symptoms: lethargy, refusal of food, poor sleep.On the oral mucosa in a specific sequence elements appear defeat: spots, vesicles, aphthae.Apthae are painful whitish-yellow plaques of various sizes, surrounded by a belt of redness.The number of elements can be various, from single to multiple, with a large area of destruction.With extensive lesions may merge.The mucous membrane of brightly hyperemic, swollen, bleeding.Amplifies salivation.It appears halitosis.Increase local lymph nodes.Sometimes vesicular elements are found on the skin.The disease continues 7-10 days.
stomatitis treatment in children
child must be isolated and organize proper hygienic care.Of great importance is a balanced diet and plenty of fortified drink.Food should be warm, not irritate the mucous membrane of the mouth.It should be given in liquid or semi-liquid form.Excluded from the diet spicy and savory.With difficulty sucking and swallowing, the baby should be fed from a spoon.Before serving, it is recommended to anesthetize the mucosa of the mouth with a 5% solution of sodium usninata with anestezin in oil suspension anestezina or beaten egg white with aloe and 0.5% solution of novocaine.
In the case of mild catarrhal stomatitis treatment is reduced to irrigation oral antiseptics: furatsilina solution (1: 5000), a 3% hydrogen peroxide solution (2 tablespoons to 1/2 cup water) solution of potassium permanganate (1: 6000) 1% solution of etoniya, Vinylinum, a decoction of oak bark, chamomile extract, sage.
In order preventing stomatitis need to observe good oral hygiene, timely treat carious teeth.infant Healthy children should not be cleaned with the oral mucosa during the morning toilet and after breastfeeding.