There are two types of aloe, one red, and this,
If his fracture, the liver is similar - "hepatitis»
He is called, having as a means,
powerful forces seem to he more useful than black,pitch, on a break.
Odo of Mena
aloe vera (aloe, doctor) - Aloe arborescens
is believed that the word "aloe" came to Europe from the Arabic language and refers to a perennial succulent plant that has fleshy leaves and stems, and is able to endure prolonged drought.
in Akkadian (the oldest of the Semitic) Aloe designated «si-bu-ru», from it was an Arab «sabr» or «saber», meaning patience, endurance.Arabs believed aloe symbol of endurance, so boiled dry aloe juice, they also gave the name of "aloes."This endurance property since antiquity surprised and delighted people.
In Assyria and Babylon (2000 BC. E.), Aloe was used to decorate the doors of the house.Above the entrance to the new house hung a branch of aloe.Hanging houses on the plant live without water for several years and even bloomed.This ancient custom in
as drug aloe was known in ancient Egypt, where it was used as a part of funds for embalming the dead.
For more information on the medicinal use of aloe given by ancient authors Dioscorides and Pliny.For a long time the Greeks were forced to pay for aloe ruinous price.And then Alexander the Great, on the advice of his teacher, the great philosopher Aristotle, undertook the conquest of.Socotra.This island at the time was famous for his Saburo, who was exported to many countries.Residents of the island prepared by thickening its juice derived from the aloe growing there.After the conquest of the island was inhabited by Greeks and natives turned into slaves.
About wide application of aloe juice in ancient times wrote Dioscorides "Thicken and dries wounds, stimulates sleep, zarubtsovyvaet body wounds, mouth, genitals, stops hair loss on the head ... Cleans and removes bile jaundice, a good remedy forburns and tumors ... ".Galen consisted of aloes in the "elixir of long life."Avicenna says: "... all aloes most suitable for the stomach laxative."
In the Middle Ages in the book Odo of Mena "On properties of herbs," stated:
head he clears phlegm, stomach and members, through the abdomen
Gently scraping damaging moisture
It cleans icteric, useful and liver bowels.
fresh wound rot, introduced into it eliminates
this herb powder, and its draining, heals ...
ancient scholars did not know is now common aloe vera , which is home to the Cape area, located in southern Africa.The Greeks and the Arabs are three types of aloe and, accordingly, three kinds of juice from them: Socotri, arabian and ordinary (samandzhanskoe).A characteristic hallmark - juice color from nearly colorless to reddish.
Avicenna says: "The best aloes - it Socotran.Its juice is like saffron juice and smell - such as that of myrrh.... And the Arabian aloes inferior to him with respect to yellowness, gravity and brilliance, but more sticky and hard ... Samandzhansky aloes smells bad, it is slightly yellow and without shine.With aloes blacken over time. "
Methods for preparing aloe juice were varied in different countries.The oldest was the following: cut large leaves laid out on the edges of the hole cut down.Within hours, the juice flowed spontaneously and accumulated in a pit, and then left it in the sun.After a long period of time it was converted into a thick juice mass which is further evaporated to completely remove water.This process takes several months.
Scientists have more than 300 species of aloe.The most common type - Aloe vera (aloe vera).Homeland is unknown.Since ancient times, this kind of cultivated throughout the Mediterranean.The Spaniards brought it to South America, where the plant is also widely distributed, found a second home on about.Barbados.Across Europe, it is known as the ambient culture.
Homeland aloe tree (A. arboresceus) - South African desert Carr.This species was known to Europeans until the end of the XV century.Travel through the Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias.
Currently dried aloe juice - aloes rarely used, mainly as a laxative.However other drugs gained popularity aloe prepared based canned aloe juice in combination with other components.
special attention of modern medicine uses a group of drugs called biogenic stimulants.The honor of opening them belongs to an outstanding scientist Academician VA Filatov.He found that every living tissue, placed in unfavorable conditions, can produce substances that support its ability to live in these conditions.If pieces of the stimulated tissue placed in a sick body, biogenic stimulators can boost its resistance to disease, until complete recovery.
Doctors drugs include biogenic stimulant drugs to non-specific action, ie. E. Influencing the whole organism.The most famous was aqueous extract of aloe leaves in ampoules, often used in eye diseases.This property is said in the poem of Odo of Mena: "... and to the eye, you believe me, there is nothing ... healthily."
For biogenic stimulators fit any living tissue, but aloe was chosen because its leaves can long survive in adverse conditions is not fading, it was noticed in ancient times.For stimulation leaves kept in the dark from 4 to 8 ° C for 12 days.Various types aloe cultivated indoors, popular in folk medicine.This is evidenced by the name of the plant - "doctor".
Interestingly, traditional medicine recommends to use the leaves do not water the plant for a week, from the point of view of modern knowledge about biogenic stimulants creates unfavorable conditions for the plant, and thus activates the synthesis of biogenic stimulators.For the treatment of respiratory diseases and as a general tonic recommended mixture of 1.5kg juice stimulated leaves of aloe, honey and 1,25kg May 3,5l wine "Cahors".The mixture was placed in a dark glass jar, kept 5 days in a dark place.Apply one teaspoon 3 times a day before meals.
Aloe arborescens - perennial large plant, the home reaches 10 m in height.The lower part of the stem drevesneet and gradually released from the leaves, so that leaves only outlet is at the top of the escape.The leaves are large, fleshy, long and narrow, its grounds include a stalk.Their surface is convex-concave, covered with a bluish bloom.
At room conditions blooms rarely, as at the time of flowering (December - January) light and heat enough.This was the basis for the national name of the plant - "agave" (blooms once every hundred years).In the southern regions and on the windows lit by the sun, as well as in greenhouses aloe blossoms each year.At the same time out of the bosom of one or more of the upper leaves appear long floral arrow with a large (50 cm) brush pink and yellow flowers.
Fruits in a room, or aloe hothouse culture does not form.For industrial production of drugs being cultivated in subtropical regions of the Caucasus and Central Asia.Medicinal raw materials - leaves and side shoots - begin to gather at the end of summer and continues as long as the plants are in the open field.Raw processed fresh leaves further dried.The leaves contain glycosides, anthracene derivatives, bitter substances, vitamins, volatile.