5 September

Cassia aquifolium ( senna, senna )

aquifolium cassia (Senna aquifolium) -. Shrub of the legume family, up to 1 m leaves paripinnate, alternate, with 4-5 pairs of leaflets, leaves lanceolate, pointed, entire, pointed at the top, at the bottom of a little anisoplural.The flowers are yellow cassia, a cup of the five sepal.Inflorescence - axillary racemes.The fruits of cassia - broad beans, slightly curved, flattened.Blossoms cassia from late June until the autumn.

Distributed cassia in the deserts of Africa and Asia.Cultivated in Southern China, India, Pakistan, Africa, and in Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan.

used leaves paripinnate cassia leaves (senna), less fruit (pods Alexandria).The smell leaves a faint taste bitter infusion of 10%.

chemical composition .Leaflets cassia contain antraglikozidy (sennosides sennosides A and B), available emodin (rhein aloe emodin) hrizofanovuyu acid, flavonoids (isorhamnetin, kampferol) resin, traces of alkaloids, organic acids, phytosterols.

Action and use .The main active ingredien

t is antraglikozidy that have laxative properties, under the influence of digestive enzymes and bacterial processes break down into sugar and aglucones.The last few receptors irritate the mucosa of the digestive tract without increasing secretion but enhancing locomotor activity.Their action affects predominantly large intestine.

At therapeutic doses cassia long-term use has no toxic effects on the body, operates smoothly and painlessly.Antraglikozidy have slow laxative effect, so the infusion is used for the night.Unlike rhubarb laxative Cassia is not replaced by subsequent constipation.

With prolonged use may develop a habit, so it is advisable to appoint alternate with other laxatives.

used as a laxative, for the regulation of bowel function in chronic atonic constipation, constipation in pregnancy, hemorrhoids and anal fissures, and can also be used for patients with diseases of the liver and gall bladder, which distinguishes it from Sabur.

aquifolium Leaves Cassia are a favorite and most often used vegetable laxative in China.In small doses, in Chinese medicine used as an appetite and improves digestion, and in large as a laxative.Chinese doctors prescribe this remedy for constipation, edema, glaucoma, and oligomenorrhea.Externally with conjunctivitis, some skin diseases, pyoderma.

population of the USA and Canada use cassia Maryland under the name "American senna", which leaves have a mild laxative effect.

Cassia sheet included in the State Pharmacopoeia of the USSR from 1968

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