Sage - it's amazing healing and also has a very pleasant smell of grass.
Plant name was from the Latin word «Salvere» - treat.The plant is used in medicine since ancient times: the Romans and Arabs have used Salvia officinalis for the healing of their ailments, flavoring, food, wine and water.
Sage is a perennial shrub of the family Labiatae height of 30-70 cm. Stems among several, branched, quadrangular, strongly leafy, woody at the base.The leaves are opposite, petiolate, oblong, with a wire-mesh surface, gray-green.
The flowers on short stalks, gathered at 6-10 in false whorls, blue-violet, forming apical spike inflorescence.The flowers emit a sweet fragrant nectar.The whole plant is aromatic.Flowers in June - July.Nectariferous.
Homeland sage - Mediterranean countries, where it grows on dry slopes.In the USSR in the wild does not occur, is cultivated as a medicinal and ornamental plant.
used leaves collected during flowering.The smell of dried plants are fragrant, especially when crushed,
In sage leaves drug contains essential oils, tannins.
chemical composition .
The leaves are found essential oil (up 2.5%), tannic and bitter substances, ursolic, oleanolic acid and resinous substances, fitolundy that are active against Mycobacterium tuberculosis.Sage - phytoncide plant, he, like wormwood, allocates a lot of light ions, refreshing air.
Action and use .
sage leaves have a disinfectant, anti-inflammatory, astringent, hemostatic, emollient and limiting the influence of sweating.
is used in the form of tinctures and infusions of leaves to rinse the mouth, stomatitis, catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, sore throat and gynecological diseases in the form of medical douches.
Bulgaria sage leaves are used as a means of limiting perspiration are reading at night sweats in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, women in menopause, as well as a means of reducing lactation in nursing mothers.In addition, gastritis and colitis, stomach ulcers, flatulence, inflammation of the liver and gall bladder in the form of an aqueous infusion (5 g of chopped herbs to brew 400 ml of boiling water, take 20-30 ml every 3-4 hours).When inflammation of the respiratory tract from inhaled recommended sage essential oil (1.2 g oil to drip into boiling water and inhale the vapors).
In Salvia officinalis Poland also is widely used in medical practice as an anti-inflammatory, disinfectant, emollient, astringent and reduces sweating means.Externally used for hair loss.
Germany sage is used widely and comprehensively as strengthening the central nervous system agent when hand shake against night sweats, as a means of reducing lactation, and others.
France herb sage is used as widely asin other countries.In diseases of the nervous system, we recommend the following recipe: sage leaves - 5 g, leaves Dubrovnik - 5 g, boiling water - 50 ml.Take 3 times a day before meals.
sage wine is also used for therapeutic purposes: sage leaves - 80 grams, wine - 1l.To insist 8 days, take 20-30 ml after meals.
Austria sage leaves are also used in medical practice, in which the Austrian researchers in addition to other active ingredients found PP factor, and vitamin B, a substance that acts in the same way as the estrogen hormone (follicle stimulating hormone).
It has long been noted by doctors antiperspirant effect of this plant, which occurs relatively quickly after ingestion of sage tea or tincture, and reaches its maximum after 2 hours.Inhibition of sweating sometimes lasts the whole day.Sage is considered most effective for night sweats in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.Valuable assistance it can also provide women during lactation.
Sage tea or tincture , as used within a few days as directed by the physician stops lactation.Furthermore, Austria sage used for diseases of the stomach and intestines (tannins) catarrh throat, angina, as a painkiller as a rinse.Sage is used in the form of infusions, tinctures, powders.This herb should not be taken in high doses for a long time and without a physician, as may be poisoning and irritation of mucous membranes.Other varieties of sage are less effective.
aromatic plant is used as an astringent and tonic remedy in Indian medicine .
offitsinalny sage leaves most of the world, including in Russia (USSR State Pharmacopoeia 1961).
In national medicine sage is also highly regarded as a remedy uses sage leaves with gastritis, colitis, liver disease, kidney disease, bronchitis, as an expectorant, emollient and diuretic
when Shaking Palsy (in this disease the infusionsage recommended long torment, taken orally and do sage bath).Green leaves, dried without stems, are considered useful as a bad memory, night sweats, and dropsy.The most widely used sage as a rinse with angina, gingivitis, ulcers in the corners of the mouth (especially in children), while pig and others. It is used as a decoction, infusion, tincture, powder.Fresh grass is used externally for tumors.
In national medicine have long used sage tincture of flowers: 3 ounces of flowers, 800 g of alcohol and 400 ml of water, infuse for 40 days in the sun in a closed glass container.Take 1 tablespoon mixed with water in the morning and on an empty stomach.This setting is recommended for older people to prolong life and stimulate the nervous system.After a year of storage sage loses its properties.
Ancient physicians Hippocrates, Dioscorides and others. Was considered a sage of "sacred herb" and the most useful remedy, especially women with infertility.In Egypt, after the epidemic forced the women to eat sage to multiply more people.When infertility was recommended sage juice with a little salt.
Aboveground part sage collected in the flowering period, has a soothing, anti-inflammatory, disinfectant, hemostatic, emollient, limiting perspiration and lactation reducing properties.It is used by us in hypertension, atherosclerosis (especially in menopause in women), and Shaking Palsy, as well as for therapeutic baths, douches, and rinses.