Spring is in full swing.All the flowers and greens.We ought to enjoy the sun and heat, but the endless bouts of sneezing and coughing is not a joy.Thousands of people around the world are waiting for spring with fear, and the cause is hay fever - reaction to inhaled pollen allergen.
With the advent of spring the plants begin to bloom.Or rather, do not blossom, and "dust".Pollen from the air settles in the mucosa of the nose, eyes and mouth, he falls into the bronchi, in contact with skin and vyzyzaet thereto in sensitive people allergy symptoms.The immune system mistakenly treats a harmless substance (pollen) for an enemy and immediately includes protective mechanisms that suppress the enemy.Redness, swelling, fever - these are typical signs of a struggle taking place between the protective forces of the immune system and alien substances.The name of this phenomenon are many: hay fever (from the Latin "pollen"), or hay fever, spring catarrh, pollen allergy - so at different times called this illness.Ho
Faced with hay fever for the first time, can be easy to confuse it with ARI - begin disease is almost the same: a runny nose, nasal congestion, watery eyes, sneezing fits, and sometimes cough.But when hay fever runny nose - is a continuous flow of the day from the nose more poured liters of fluid.Thus, the typical symptoms of hay fever - seasonal allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis, seasonal asthma, atopic dermatitis.
Allergic rhinitis is manifested as severe itching and tickling in the nose, watery nasal discharge, paroxysmal sneezing and nasal congestion, rarely - reduced sense of smell.Children may experience noise and ear pain.For allergic conjunctivitis characterized by itchy eyes, watery eyes, eye redness, sensation of "sand" in the eyes, swelling of the mucous membranes of the eyes, but no purulent discharge.In 20% of cases may be typical asthma (seasonal bronchial asthma).There are cutaneous manifestations, in typical cases - on the exposed parts of the body, they are often regarded by doctors as photodermatosis - reaction of the skin to the sun.Perhaps the development of urticaria, angioedema angioedema, seasonal pollen dermatitis with severe itching and various rashes.Sometimes hay fever accompanied by headache, fatigue, sweating, irritability, tearfulness, loss of appetite, sleep disturbance.Less common are chills, fever, lesions of other organs and systems.
However, the most typical symptom of hay fever - seasonality, the coincidence of the manifestations of the period of flowering of certain plants.Thus symptoms recur in approximately the same time each year, but since at different times of flowering time shifted somewhat because of differences of weather, and date changing manifestations of hay fever.Still, the possibility should be considered polyvalent pollen allergy (pollen allergy i.e. different plants), as well as the possibility of food allergies due to cross-reactions (e.g., nuts when Allergies to pollens of trees and shrubs deciduous).At an allergy to molds effects of hay fever can be observed all the warm season.But most of all hay fever lasts no more than 4 weeks in a year.And all the painful manifestations ends as soon as the plants wither.
Drug therapy involves the use of drugs that inhibit the development of allergic reactions.The volume of drug therapy is determined by the severity of the disease.
Nine out of ten patients suffering from hay fever, experiencing an allergic reaction to certain foods.Therefore, you should think seriously about the dietary food for a period of seasonal exacerbation.
Honey should not be eaten under any kinds of hay fever.If the reaction is caused birch, alder, apple, do not eat apples, cherries, plums, nuts, carrots, potatoes, celery, tomatoes and kiwis.Do not use drugs on the basis of the kidneys and birch leaves, alder cones.
Allergy on wormwood, geranium, dandelion, sunflower will not allow the use of citrus, sunflower oil, halva.
allergic reaction to pollen, grasses force excluded from the diet bakery products, kvass, bran, germ of cereals, sorrel, ice cream, sherbet, puddings, dumplings, pancakes, oatmeal and cereals (oats, wheat, barley, etc.),corn, sausage, coffee substitutes, malt beer.
allergy to pollen of weeds exclude from the diet melon, sunflower seeds, sunflower seed oil, halva, mayonnaise, watermelon, zucchini, eggplant, mustard, spinach, beets, lettuce, artichoke, chicory, citrus.
When allergy to molds should be discarded from yeast dough, sauerkraut, cheese, beer, kvass, wine, liqueur, sugar, fructose, sorbitol, xylitol, and other products undergoing fermentation in the preparation.
Approximate calendar flowering allergenic plants.
March - snowdrop, alder
April - hazel, birch, poplar, elm, maple, willow
May - oak, lilac, apple, dandelion, conifers, bluegrass
June - timothy, fescue
July-August -wormwood, buckwheat, nettle, plantain, sorrel.