Latin name of the plant comes from the Greek words "arctos" - "bear" and «staphylos» - «grapes», a «uva-ursi» - translated from Latin means "to bear fruit".Ukrainian botanical name of the plant, as well as Russian, a common ethnographic roots and comes from the word "flour" or "oatmeal", as in ancient times, farmers in famine years of pounded dried berries bearberry flour from which bread was baked.Flour from bearberry added to wheat or rye dough, it gave the bread a pleasant fruity taste and smell.
For medical needs using bearberry leaves and shoots.Prepares the leaves and shoots up to 3 cm in spring, before flowering plants, or at the end of the year, before fruiting.Bearberry leaves, collected at other times, upon drying become brown color, which makes non-standard raw materials.Repeated harvesting in the same place can be carried out in 3 years.When harvesting the raw material can not pull the whole plant with roots, as it leads to the destruction of thickets.
The collected raw materials quickly
Given the considerable demand for raw materials, necessary for the production of medicaments, in some European countries, particularly in France, Slovakia and Poland, bearberry widely introduced into the culture.Thus, in Slovakia in culture entered a high-grade bearberry called «Arbuta», which differs from common bearberry long shoots, many leaves, high capacity and good arbutin multiply vegetatively.
Some pharmacists Russia consider it appropriate to use instead of bearberry bearberry Caucasian Arctostaphylos caucasica Lipsch., Which grows in the foothills and mountainous areas of the Northern Caucasus and Western Transcaucasia.Nevertheless, some botanists believe this plant is not a separate species, and species of bearberry.
bearberry is an ancient medicinal plant of the northern nations of Europe.In medieval Armenian medicine it was used as an astringent for diarrhea and hemoptysis.However, in medieval European herbals information about using bearberry not found because it was used mostly peoples of Northern Europe.
In folk medicine of Russia and Siberia North bearberry used for diseases of the bladder, urinary tract, and in urolithiasis.
In Lithuanian folk medicine bearberry leaves consumed in chronic diarrhea, nervous diseases and hypertension (high blood pressure).In Lithuania, the young leaves of bearberry considered a tonic and blood cleansing remedy, well-developed leaves are used as anti-inflammatory and antirheumatic and flowering shoots - with heart disease, pemphigus, conjunctivitis and blepharitis.bearberry The fruits are used in gastritis and diarrhea, especially in children.
Traditional medicine recommends some foreign countries bearberry , moreover, diabetes, malaria, tuberculosis, lung cancers, kidney and uterine bleeding, indigestion, colitis, diarrhea, and intestinal atony.Decoctions of bearberry used to treat septic wounds with vaginitis, gonorrhea, diathesis and as a means to reduce the myometrium.In Tibetan medicine bearberry leaves are used in Graves' disease, heartburn, gastritis.Famous Ukrainian phytotherapeutist B. Nosal recommends the use of bearberry leaves for bed-wetting in children.
When high doses of bearberry may increase inflammation in the urinary system as a result of stimulation of renal tubular system.In this regard, the broth bearberry is not desirable to use in acute kidney disease.To reduce the risk of side effects with long-term treatment of bearberry, it is used in the form of fees in combination with other herbal remedies, anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties.Use broth bearberry , containing a significant amount of tannins, can cause irritation of the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract that is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.Preparations bearberry irritate muscles of the uterus, so their use is contraindicated in pregnancy.
Currently, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties of bearberry are responsible for its use in inflammatory processes in the urinary tract and kidney failure in violation of water and mineral metabolism.Infusions and decoctions of bearberry used for diseases of the bladder, urinary tract, urethra and kidney stones.In the treatment of urinary path cleared of the bacterial flora and the products of inflammation, normal urinalysis, dysuria phenomenon disappear.
Apply sheet bearberry as an antiseptic for the treatment of chronic cystitis and pielita possible only with alkaline urine.Therefore, before the use of drugs is recommended to determine bearberry urine pH, and in the case of an acidic reaction in a glass infusion bearberry necessary to use one teaspoon of sodium bicarbonate.There are reports of successful treatment drugs bearberry leaf diarrhea and haematuria.Externally the infusion of bearberry leaf is used for healing ulcers and purulent wounds.