ripe fruits carefully cut with a sharp knife to avoid damage to the immature fruit and flowers, and placed in a container coated inside with a soft cloth.Prior to fermentation, the beans
proteins are hydrolyzed to amino acids.Cotyledons in the fermentation process, and cringe otdepyayutsya from the skin, fades astringency, aroma and flavor appears.After fermentation, the beans are scattered on the dry ground or on mats and dried in the sun for about 7 days.The moisture content therein is reduced from 56% to 6%
bean weight loss during fermentation and drying of 55-64%.After drying, the beans are polished using special machines or the soles of feet.Polishing with his feet in Trinidad and Tobago is known as "the dance of cocoa."
Then during sorting performed manually or by machine, do not remove the peeled and damaged cocoa beans, and various impurities.The mill was triturated beans, from which oil is recovered by compressing called cocoa butter, and the powder was used to prepare the cocoa drink, chocolate and other products.In 1828, the Netherlands was invented fat extraction method from the beans, and they have become more tasty and digestible.The extracted oil is used for the manufacture of chocolate or sell as cocoa butter.Cocoa beans contain the following ingredients: 35% water, 45% starch and 6% sugar, 0.8% caffeine, polyphenols 5.2%, 0.6% acid, 2.6% of mineral salts.
Cocoa butter is composed largely of glycerides of palmitic, stearic and oleic acids.At room temperature, cocoa butter, solid (its melting temperature in the range 28-36 ° C).It is used in the cosmetic, pharmaceutical, confectionery and other industries.Shell-peel beans used to prepare theobromine, fat, vitamin D, substitute cocoa powder.Fruit shell is used as fertilizer on agricultural plantations.
Cocoa beans contain up to 1.8% of theobromine, has antispasmodic and hypotensive effect.In medicine, it is used at spasms of the heart and blood vessels of the brain, and as a diuretic.In contrast to the structurally closest caffeine, it causes a less pronounced effect on the central nervous system.
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