controversy over genetically modified foods has been going on for decades.However, according to sociologists, every third Russian knows nothing about genetic engineering achievements.Meanwhile, many scientists believe that genetically modified organisms (GMOs) increases the risk of dangerous allergies, food poisoning, mutations, cancer, and also cause the development of resistance to antibiotikam.Chto such GM plants?
This plant, which is inserted foreign genes in order to improve their useful properties, such as the development of resistance to herbicides and pesticides, increased resistance to pests, increase yields, etc.GM plants is obtained by introducing into the DNA of another organism plant gene.Donors can be microorganisms, viruses, and other plants and animals.For example, received hardy tomato, which is built into the DNA of the gene of the North American plaice.To create wheat varieties resistant to drought, it was used scorpion gene.
first planting of transgenic crops are made in the USA in
main stream GM crops - it is imported from abroad, soybeans, potatoes, corn, canola and wheat.They can get to our table both in pure form or as additives in other foods.So, the main consumer of soybean genetically-modified raw materials (concentrates, soy flour) - meat processing industry, so virtually every sausage may be the GM soy.As a rule, it is hidden behind the words "vegetable protein" or "protein analog".Genetically modified crops are also used as additives in fish, bakery, confectionery and even in baby food!
Despite assurances from geneticists in the safety of GMOs, independent experts argue that plants secrete GM crops is a thousand times more toxins than conventional organisms.In Sweden, where the transgenes are prohibited allergies suffer from 7% of the population, while in the US, where they are allowed - 70.5%.Many
transgenic varieties resistant to insects, produce proteins capable of blocking the enzymes of the digestive tract is not only in insects but also in humans, but also affect the pancreas.GM maize, tobacco and tomatoes that are resistant to pests, able to produce substances that decompose into toxic and mutagenic compounds that represent a direct danger to humans.Upon receipt
GMO commonly used marker genes are antibiotic resistance.There is a probability of transition in the intestinal microflora, which was shown in the respective experiments, and this in turn can lead to an inability to cure many diseases.
How to distinguish between hazardous products?
In our country, allowed the use of 14 types of GMO (8 maize varieties, 4 varieties of potatoes, rice 1 grade and 1st grade sugar beet) for the sale and production of food.So far only in Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod and Belgorod region has a law banning the sale and manufacture of baby food with the use of GMOs.
RF Law "On Protection of Consumers' Rights of 12 December 2007 requires the presence trasgenov report on the packaging if the product contains more than 0.9% GMOs.However, direct labeling "Contains GMO" does not exist.The presence of GMOs and its percentage should be indicated in the list of ingredients of the product.
If the GMO content in the product does not exceed 0.9%, the manufacturing company can deliver on its product icon "No GMO".This marking - voluntary.It can be found so far only in Moscow.In the regions, the main reference for buyers may still be marking "Without transgenes" Greenpeace and guide "How to choose products without the transgene."
How to protect yourself?
■ Do not buy meat products with vegetable additives.Although they are cheaper, but is likely to contain GM ingredients.
■ The main manufacturer of transgenes - US.Therefore, be wary of soya from this country, as well as canned green peas and corn.If you buy soybeans, it is best to give preference to the Russian manufacturer.
■ China has not conducted GM production, but no one knows what may come in transit from that country.
■ When buying meat and soy products, pay close attention to markings.
■ Today, genetically modified foods are grown in 21 countries.The leader in the production - the US, followed by Argentina, Brazil and India.In Europe, GMO are wary, and planting of GM plants in Russia altogether prohibited.However, this ban bypass.GM crops have wheat in the Kuban, Stavropol and Altai.
More than 50 countries (including the EC countries, Japan, China, and others.) Legislatively introduced mandatory labeling of GM products, thus ensuring the rights of consumers in the conscious choice of what they eat.In Italy, a law banning the use of genetically modified ingredients in baby food.In Greece, the transgenic plants are not only not grown, but not used in food production.
is also useful to remember the names of some companies, which, according to the state register data supply GM raw materials to its customers in Russia or are themselves manufacturers:
Central Soya Protein Group, Denmark
Ltd. "Biostar TRADE", St. Petersburg
CJSC "Universal", Nizhny Novgorod
"Monsanto Co.", USA
"Protein Technologies International Moskow", Moscow
Ltd. "Agenda", Moscow
Company "ADM-Food", Moscow
CJSC "protein", Moscow
"Dera Food Technology NV", Moscow
"Herbalife International of America", the US
"OY FINNSOYPRO LTD", Finland
Ltd. "Salon Sport-Service", Moscow