Eczema hronicheskoe inflammatory skin disease, having a neuro-allergic nature.Typically lesions appear in redness and swelling, cracks, tiny bubbles, which are then partially transformed into pustules or moist areas.Formerly known as eczema - lishay.Na weeping eczema account for up to 40% of all skin diseases.Most often, it begins in childhood and at the wrong or inadequate treatment becomes chronic.
of eczema is due to many external and internal factors: genetic predisposition, secondary immunodeficiency, dysfunction of the nervous and endocrine system, infectious and allergic processes.However, in some cases, eczema is caused by dysfunction of the central nervous system (CNS), peripheral nerve injury (traumatic eczema).
for eczema is characterized by symmetrical inflammation.Her favorite places children on the face (especially cheeks), chin, more rarely on the head (hair in the area), on the chest, back, elbows, outer side of the knee.In adults, eczema appears mostly on the neck, wrists, ankles, and
Dermatologists divide the disease into several types.
True eczema usually begins acutely at any age, it runs jerky with frequent relapses and usually turns into a chronic stage with periodic exacerbations.In the acute stage of the process is characterized by a plurality of bubbles (vesicles), which are formed at the opening of erosion with abundant weeping.The acute stage is accompanied by itching and burning.As the inflammation subsided number of vesicles decreases erosion dry up, and on the surface of foci appear defurfuration and small crusts.
Pockets of true eczema have a different value, fuzzy contours and alternated with areas of healthy skin.The process is usually symmetrical and localized mainly on the back of the hands, forearms, feet, children - on the face, buttocks, legs, chest.
variant of true eczema is eczema disgidroticheskaya , localized on the palms, soles and lateral surfaces of the fingers and is characterized by the emergence of many small bubbles with a tight lid and 1 to 3 mm in diameter.Outbreaks disgidroticheskoy eczema in developed form clearly distinguished and often surrounded by a rim peeling of the stratum corneum, beyond which you can see an exacerbation of new vesicles.In the center foci are also visible mikroerozii, peel, flake.
Microbial eczema different asymmetrical arrangement (usually in the legs), rounded contours, sharp edges peeling of the stratum corneum, the presence of pustules.Often, this type of eczema is associated with the appearance of fistulas, nonhealing wounds, trophic ulcers (paratravmaticheskaya eczema).Around the main focus of visible microvesicles.Allergic rashes may occur away from the main focus.
peculiar kind of microbial eczema is nummulyarnaya (nummular) eczema , characterized by sharply limited form of rounded lesions with a diameter of 1.5-3 cm bluish red color with vesicles, weeping and scales on the surface.Lesions are often localized on the back of the hands and the extensor surfaces.
Seborrheic eczema localized on the scalp, behind the ear shells in the sternum and between the shoulder blades.Its distinctive features are yellowish coloring, layering fat scales, lack of expressed soak, unsharp infiltration foci tendency to regress in the center with simultaneous growth at the periphery.
Eczema professional - allergic skin disease that develops as a result of exposure to irritating substances in its manufacturing environment.Most affected exposed skin: dorsum of the hand, forearm, face, neck, at least - the leg and foot.Lesions are swollen, with the presence of vesicles, soak and itching.Over time, there are signs characteristic of true eczema.For long, but regressed rapidly occurs after elimination of contact with the allergen production.Every new aggravation is more severe.Increased sensitivity to allergens production can be detected by skin tests.
Eczema in children manifest clinical signs of the true, seborrheic and microbial eczema, while these features can be combined and different combinations and at different body sites.Symptoms of eczema in children, usually located na artificial feeding, there are between the ages of 3-6 months.Most often initially affects the cheeks and forehead, then the process extends to the scalp, ears, neck, extensor surface of the extremities, buttocks, torso.Children suffer from itching and insomnia.The clinical picture of seborrheic dermatitis may develop already at 2-3 weeks of age.The rash is localized on the scalp, forehead, cheeks, ears, in the folds of the neck and BTE.Sometimes eczema manifests signs of microbial eczema.
There are several main directions preventive and therapeutic measures for eczema .
• rational regime of personal hygiene and nutrition.In all forms of eczema is of particular importance hygiene, are shown with the bath astringent herbal extracts and tinctures (oak bark, chamomile).It is unacceptable overheating of parts of the body with excessive sweating.The diet should be a dairy plant, with a reduced amount of carbohydrates, liquid spices.Alcoholic beverages are prohibited.Of particular importance is limiting exposure to known allergens, prevention of infection, especially herpes simplex virus.
• Renovation of local foci of infection.Varicose veins, acute pyoderma, giardiasis biliary tract, intestinal dysbiosis - a common background pathological processes, without effective therapy that can not cure eczema.
• Systemic treatment.Used antihistamines, dehydration and detoxification therapy, immunomodulators, drugs that improve the microcirculation, vitamins.
• Local therapy.External treatment assigned depending on the nature of the inflammatory process.The traditional principles of treatment "in the wet - wet" and "do not irritate irritable."In acute inflammation using a corticosteroid sprays, lotions or dressings with anti-inflammatory, astringent, antibacterial agents, which should be used to soak the disappearance.After removal of acute inflammation, removing scales and crusts prescribed ointments and pastes.
Along with drug therapy in the treatment of various types of eczema quite successfully applied recipes of traditional medicine .
ointment from the leaves of burdock (component).Dried leaves of burdock - 20 g of chamomile flowers - 20 g root ungulates - 20 g herb fireweed (willow-herb) - 20 g All dry, crush and mix.The mixture is boiled in 4 cups of water, then add a tablespoon of butter and two cups of strong decoction of hay dust, re-boil until thick viscous sticky mass (the best cook in a water bath), drain and squeeze.Mix equal parts of glycerine.
decoction of burdock root .15 g per 200 ml of boiling water.Boil for 10 minutes on low heat.Wrap up warmly.For 2 hours.Take 1 tablespoon 4 times a day before meals.
decoction from the flowers dead-nettle - dead-nettle (nettle, which is not pricked, has white flowers).Brew 1 tablespoon of flowers per cup of water (boiling water).Insist, wrapped up warmly, 1.5 - 2 hours.Drink for 30 - 40 minutes before a meal one glass.
gruel of strawberries .From the crushed strawberries make gruel and put compresses on the affected area.
decoction of couch grass (root) .20 g per cup of boiling water.Drink during the day before eating.
tea verbena .15 - 20 g per cup of boiling water.Drink throughout the day.