12 August

How to take the medication (it is useful to know )

drugs with each passing day it becomes more and more.How, in what cases to take that?As the dosage form affects the efficacy of the drug?Let us try to understand these voprosah.Samy common method of drug administration - peroralnyi, iethrough the mouth.Thus medication ingested and falls in the first stomach, and then into the small intestine where it is absorbed into the bloodstream.If the drug is taken with meals, it is destroyed along with the food in the stomach, losing their properties.Thus tablets take at least half an hour before meals or two hours after it.At the drug enters the blood to the liver where typically there is an active destruction of virtually any chemical compound, including drugs.

To avoid splitting the drug in the liver and the rapid loss of its properties is widely used by rectal administration of drugs (rectum - rectum).Since about a third of the volume of blood that moves from the rectum, bypasses the liver, the medicine becomes more effective.In this manner, the spark is intr

oduced, or suppositories that are absorbed into the bloodstream as the dissolution in the rectum.Rapid effect of the drug can be achieved by introducing an aqueous solution of an enema.This method of drug administration is indispensable, when the patient is unconscious or stomach did not take any medicines.

Sometimes you have to swallow the pill and put it under your tongue.So come, for example, nitroglycerin for pain in the heart.For some drugs, such as insulin, are not destroyed in the gastrointestinal tract, are administered by injection under the skin, in a muscle or into a blood vessel directly.

There are several methods of introducing medication into the body: the respiratory tract through (inhalation), epidermal method (ointments, creams, pastes, dusting powders), and others.In recent years, the technology developed drugs targeted transport where, for example, to deal with cancer is important to achieve the desired concentration exactly where it is needed.

The drug three times a day does not mean before breakfast, lunch and dinner, and includes -Every 8 hours to its concentration in the blood is uniformly maintained.Exceptions are drugs that directly involved in digestion, in the presence of gastro-intestinal diseases.

Medicines better to wash down with warm boiled water.Tea - means for zapivaniya little use drugs, because it contained many forms tannin insoluble substances, and therefore pharmacologically inactive compounds.Many medicines can be washed down with warm alkaline mineral waters, and the accelerated penetration of drugs from the stomach into the intestine.

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