The plant belongs to the family gentianaceae.It is common in the south-east is quite rare, but much more often - in the non-chernozem zone of the country. centaury - naked biennial plant 10-40 cm tall.The stem of his single, but sometimes several of them.Leaves radical outlet in lanceolate-ovate, elliptic-oblong.The flowers are bright pink.Fruit - an oblong box.Flowers in June-August.
Chemical composition: herb contains bitter glycosides, alkaloids, oleanovaya and ascorbic acid.There are indications for the presence and in the grass essential oils, resins, mucus wax.
Medical raw material is a herb centaury, which are harvested in the early flowering period until the outlet leaves are yellowed.When collecting cut the whole plant with basal leaves at a height of 5 cm from the roots and dried in the shade or in a well ventilated area.Shelf life 2 years.
centaury In folk medicine, is one of the most common and popular medicinal plants, details of which have reached us from the distant past.
It is popularly known as core serporezom, Centaurus and is used much more broadly than in the official medicine.
Of centaury prepared Napary, decoctions, alcohol tinctures, which are used for diseases of the heart and cardiovascular system, colds, diseases of the liver and biliary tract, the flu, women's and children's diseases, in the absence of appetite, increased acidity of gastric juice.Useful centaury and constipation, flatulence.
Recipes of traditional medicine with centaury
prepared from 4 parts of herbs centaury, 4 parts trefoil leaves, 2 parts of rhizome, 2 parts herb wormwood, and one piece of tangerine peel, 40% alcohol in sufficient quantities for the production of 1 liter of liqueur.A clear brownish liquid, bitter, spicy taste, smell fragrant.
Take tincture 10-20 drops 2-3 times a day for 15-20 minutes before meals to increase appetite and improve digestion.
Infusion of herbs centaury (Infusum herbae Centaurii): 10 g (2 tablespoons) of raw material is placed in an enamel bowl, pour 1 cup of hot boiled water, close lid and heated in boiling water (for water bath) for 15 minutes, cool 45min at room temperature, filtered, the remaining raw materials squeeze.The volume of the resulting infusion was adjusted with boiled water to the former volume.The prepared infusion stored in a cool place no more than 2 days.
accepted in the form of heat for 1 / 2-1 / 3 cup 2-3 times a day for 30 minutes before a meal as bitterness to excite the appetite and improve digestion with a reduced function of the gastrointestinal tract.